It’s easy to say that the best way to get rid of pigeons is to kill them. However, killing pigeons is illegal in all 50 states in the U.S. and most of Europe.
This means that the primary method of getting rid of pigeons is scaring them off and keeping them away. There are several different ways you can do this.
In this post, I will go over the different methods you can get rid of pigeons without having to kill them.
1. Eliminate Sources of Water
One of the easiest ways to get rid of pigeons is to make their habitat less appealing.
To do this, you need to reduce any water sources that the pigeons may be using to survive.
Inspect the area where there are pigeons and look for any puddles or open sources of water. These sources of water can attract pigeons and allow them to survive.
When eliminating water sources, it’s crucial to attack the water’s root cause and not just the source.
For example, if there are pools of water building up around your home, determine where the water is coming from rather than just eliminating the pool.
If you don’t address the water’s root cause, the pigeons will either wait for the water to return or return as soon as pools come back.
2. Eliminate Food Sources
If pigeons are roosting around your home, they likely have a source of food nearby.
Pigeons are highly adaptable, and they eat a variety of different foods. While pigeons prefer to eat grains and seeds, they will also eat food and crumbs left behind by people.
To eliminate pigeons, make sure that you do not have any food sources attracting pigeons to your home.
The most common place pigeons get food from is the trash can. If you have an open trash can or exposed trash bags, make sure that they are closed and that pigeons can’t get inside.
They will feast on open garbage cans and feed large populations of pigeons if they are consistently left open.
If you have bird feeders or pet food outdoors, it’s best to put these away or make sure that pigeons will not be able to access them.
Potential sources of food can also be found on the floor. So be sure to sweep up around your home and even around your neighborhood. Pigeons will make it a habit of finding food anywhere they can
3. Anti-Roosting spikes
One of the most common ways to modify the habitat of pigeons is to use anti-roosting spikes.
You have probably seen these on the sides of buildings, ledges, light poles, and other areas around the city.
These are designed to make any flat surfaces uninhabitable by pigeons.
This is one of the most effective and traditional methods of getting rid of pigeons on structures. Unfortunately, there are areas where you can’t attach the spikes, and pigeons will take advantage of these locations.
There is one downside to anti-roosting spikes. They do allow smaller birds to build nests. So if you’re not careful with your placement of the spikes, you can leave your house more prone to other birds.
Install Motion Activated Sprinkler
Another great way to keep pigeons away from your home is to use motion-activated sprinklers. These sprinklers will shoot an unexpected spray of water to startle and scare the pigeons away.
This is a highly effective way of keeping pigeons away from flat surfaces. The water is great for protecting farms, fields, and yards from pigeons.
The only downside is that you can’t target higher areas where pigeons tend to land and roost.
Although you can point it upwards to target different areas, sensors are not always responsive to high locations.
4. Pigeon Repellent Gel
Another effective way to get rid of pigeons is by using a repellent gel. Repellent gel is a sticky gel that will make flat surfaces such as ledges unattractive.
When birds land on the repellent gel, they get stuck and can’t fly away. After struggling, they will eventually get out, but it will discourage them from returning. Over time the pigeons will learn to stay away from these areas.
Repellent gels are easy to apply, especially in small crevices and other cracks where spikes can’t be placed.
Remember to reapply the repellent gel in areas of high activity. Over time, they can wear out and are not as effective.
When applying the repellent gel, you mustn’t use it in areas where people can touch it with their hands.
For example, avoid placing gel repellent on rails, window sills, door sills, or any other location where children or adults can quickly put their hands.
5. Install a Scare-Pigeon
Scare pigeons are another great way to keep pigeons away from your house. These are typically sensor-activated or in constant motion, and so pigeons are scared of them.
These devices are designed to scare pigeons. They are typically 3-D in shape and large. One of the most common “scare-pigeons” are owls and hawks.
When pigeons approach, the ‘’scare-pigeon” will be triggered and will begin to move. This will scare away any pigeons who get close.
It’s essential to move the “scare-pigeon” location, or the pigeons will get used to its position. Over time they won’t be scared, and the “scare-pigeon” will become useless.
To prevent this from happening, I recommend that you move the location of the “scare-pigeon” every month – two months to keep the pigeons from getting used to it.
This will keep the pigeons away, and it will not lose its effectiveness over time.
6. Use Reflective Surfaces
Another great way to drive pigeons away is by using reflective surfaces. Birds are generally frightened by flashes of light.
In particular, pigeon eyes experience the prism effect when the light flashes towards them. This causes them to feel disoriented and causes them to fly away.
The great thing about this method is that you can purchase specially designed reflective material, or you can use common household items.
For example, some common items include CDs, small mirrors, foil, any metallic or metal surfaces will also work.
When placing your reflective surfaces, it’s important that you place it somewhere that the sun or a light source will hit the reflective surface.
It’s also important that the light will reflect on the surface where the birds should not be living.
Purchasing specially designed reflective surfaces for pigeons is a great idea because they allow you to target every direction with a single reflective surface.
Achieving the same effect without household items typically requires more effort and more tools.
7. Shock Tape
Another very effective and useful way to keep pigeons off surfaces is by using shock tape.
Shock tape is a simple and effective method you can use to keep pigeons away.
This is a tape with metal wires running through it. This allows you to add an electric voltage to it.
This can be done using a solar-powered battery or electrical battery.
When the birds land on any surface with the tape, they will receive a small electric shock that causes them to fly away.
Over time the birds will begin avoiding any areas where the tape is present.
When using shock tape, the main issue is placement.
First, you need to make sure you place it somewhere that children or people can easily touch it or step on it.
The second is that you need to make sure that you are placing it somewhere pigeons frequent and that you can get your power source secured.
Securing a power source might be easy for some shock tape, while others are more difficult.
8. Seal Entry Points
Sealing off any entry points or easily accessible corners are areas where pigeons might hide or start a nest.
The most common place we want seal entry points is on structures. This will vary from house to house, so you must inspect your home.
Take several days to inspect the activity around your home to identify the locations where pigeons are hiding or congregating.
This will allow you to decide the best way to seal the different regions in your home.
There are several different ways you can seal entry points around your home.
The first and most common way of sealing entry points is using caulk, but this does not always work on pigeons because some gaps can be too large to use caulk.
Other ways you can seal entry points around your home is using pigeon net or wire.
Nets or mesh wires can be a more effective at covering larger gaps and holes where pigeons could build a nest.
These are very easy to apply and are very effective at keeping pigeons from nesting on structures.
9. Use Pigeon Nets
Pigeon nets are one of the most effective ways to keep pigeons away from your garden.
You can place these over your plants, flower beds, or other surfaces you want to prevent pigeons from landing on.
Unfortunately, using pigeon nets are not as useful at protecting structures such as homes.
Maintain at least four to six inches between the net and the vegetation, flowers, or shrubs you are trying to protect.
If there is not enough space between the net and the vegetation, then the pigeons may be able to land freely without disruption.
It’s also good to try to apply the net at an angle. Keeping the net at an angle makes it harder for the pigeons to land on the net.
10. Block Your Chimney
The chimney is one of the most common places that pigeons and other birds try to hide and nest.
We often overlook this location because we can’t see it. But, it’s very likely that if you have pigeons around your home, they built a nest in your chimney.
One easy way to stop pigeons from nesting in your chimney is to block it. There are specially made covers for chimneys to keep birds out.
I recommend that you avoid using simple mesh covers. These create a perfect place for birds to build nests, especially if you don’t use your chimney that often.
11. Ultrasonic Pigeon Repeller
Ultrasound bird repellers are all over the market as an easy and discreet way of getting rid of pigeons.
However, these repellers have not been proven to be effective. While it might drive a small portion of pigeons away, the likelihood is slim.
Birds have a very similar hearing to humans. This means if you hear the sound, then the pigeons will hear it as well.
Ultrasonic repellers often produce a frequency that is too high for the pigeons to detect. This means that they are not always effective at getting rid of pigeons.
A more effective way would be to use a natural noise from a dog or a human to scare away the pigeons around your home.
12. Trap and Release
Another method you can use to get rid of pigeons is the tried and true trap and release.
While this method is effective and will quickly get rid of pigeons from your house, it is not always effective.
Pigeons are known to return to the same location even after they have been removed or their nests have been destroyed.
In some cases, removing them may encourage them to start a new nest somewhere else; unfortunately, there is no guarantee.
There is a high chance that the pigeons will return to the same location.
Dealing with pigeons is not easy. It feels like no matter what you do they tend to comeback in larger numbers.
In this post, I have provided 13 different ways you can get rid of pigeons. if you have a serious pigeon infestation then I recommend using multiple methods at the same time.
This post will help you get your house back once and for all, so you don’t have to deal with pigeons any more.